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secondary host plants of muga silkworm

secondary host plants of muga silkworm

Traditionally, crude extract of these plants are used as herbal medicines. development of Eri culture in non-traditional states. Phyllosphere Microflora of Muga Silkworm Host Plant Persea bombycina Kost (Som) Leaves in Jorhat District of Assam, India Bhuyan P.M., Sandilya S.P. Life history • The moth is multivoltine the entire life cycle lasts for about 50 days in summer and 120 days in winter. The total cocoon yield per 100 dfls (disease free layings) was 60.90 kg and 57.33 kg in spring and autumn seasons respectively and pupation rate was 91.50% and 91.03% in spring and autumn seasons respectively. The materials were shade dried at room temperature and grounded to fine powder using electric grinder. of Mulberry Silkworm Seed Farms i.e. Technologies for Host plants. primary and secondary host plants. Prospects and problems for development of Eri culture in non-traditional states. ... Amazing Silk Processing form silkworm - Silk Farm Harvesting - Duration: 7:41. Muga silkworm is a polyphagous insect and feeds on a wide range of host plants. and “Mejankori” (Litsea citrata Blume) are of secondary importance. The higher content of lipid and fatty acids in the tender and mature leaves accordingly enhance the larval growth by providing … Host plants of temperate tasar silkworm [17], All figure content in this area was uploaded by Digvijay Singh, All content in this area was uploaded by Digvijay Singh on Jul 27, 2020, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2020, quantity of silk produced. A total of 10, knowledge of the primary, secondary and the tertiary h. An Insight. The scientific name for the Muga Silkworm is Antheraea Assamensis, and they can be located in Northeast India. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. The feeding stimulants were isolated and identified as n-beheryl alcohol (C22), n-lignoceryl alcohol (C24), n-hexacosanol (C26), n-octacosanol (C28), n-triacontanol (C30), and -tocopherylquinone [2-(3-hydroxy-3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-hexadecyl)-3,5,6-trimethyl-2,5 cyclo-hexadiene-1,4-dione] (-TQ). Among the four varieties of silk produced in 2015- 16, Tasar accounts for 9.90%, i.e., 2,818 MT of the total raw silk production of 28,472 MT. That the host contribution of obtained structural features toward the mechanical properties of cocoon and silk fibers are quantified and discussed. 7. The overall aim is to uplift the status and livelihood of the sericultural farmers through extension in Iran. Memoir's-Zoological Survey of India, 466 0 obj <> endobj However, the recent research and development efforts have enabled substantial improvement in bivoltine silkworm quality, productivity as well as stability of silk production in India. Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. The role of these feeding stimulants in insect feeding behaviors and possible use in a pest management program is discussed. Anthereae mylitta is a species of moth in the family Saturniidae known commonly as the Tasar silkworm and Vanya silkworm. 11:19-21. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Growth and development of muga silkworm feed on different food plants. Log in. Muga Silkworm Based on Cultivation of Host Plants Agro-Based Mulberry Silkworm Eri Silkworm Forest Based Tasar Silkworm Muga Silkworm . Effect of different food plants on the silk percentage and effective rate of rearing of Philosamia ricini Hutt. 5 points Write the names of two primary and two secondary host plants of muga silkworm Ask for details ; Follow Report by Bala3167 06.12.2019 Log in to add a comment What do you need to know? From time immemorial, many ethnic and tribal groups have produced muga silk. ical analysis for improving the diet of the silkworm. We identified the nonwoven fiber architecture in the muga cocoons with continuous silk filaments conglutinated in the sericin matrix and calcium oxalate crystals on the outer surface. Once the worms emerged from the eggs, they are shifted to the host plants grown in exclusive gardens, locally known as Sumani (Fig. Most of these compounds are phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, etc. MATERIALS AND METHODS Plant material collection Fresh mature leaves of P. Bombycina and L. Polyantha were collected from household premises of Dibrugarh District, Assam, India. 150 days in winter. The caterpillar producing these silks are called silkworms. Nees and L. citrata Blume, and the chemical basis of feeding preference were investigated. 12Nos. Muga silkworm is a wild silk producing insect feeding on the leaves of som (Persea bombycina), soalu (Litsea monopetala) and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia). The silkworm … Kashmir Is a Univoltine Area where for Generations only one Crop in Spring Season Is Taken between May and June. Diseases and pests of muga silkworm Pebrine disease. Hook (Laurales: Lauraceae), Litsea polhantha Jussieu, L. salicifolia Roxburgh ex. Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. During winter, the muga silkworm is prone to parasitisation by the uzi fly (Exorista bombycis), which can result in a crop loss of 80% [47]. As muga silkworm is reared outside on tree in natural condition and pest & predators attacks muga silkworm. %PDF-1.5 %���� %%EOF technology for muga silkworm rearing, seed production and technological parameters. It is the first time that -TQ has been reported as a feeding stimulant for an insect. Timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed can alone sustain sericulture as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops. Phytophagous insects show varying degree of association with a particular plant species or group of plants, on which they feed and these plants are referred to as host plants (food plant range) 25. Muga silkworm culture is a traditional outdoor rearing practice adopted by people of North Eastern States mainly Assam. Proceeding of the International plants include “Diglotti” (Litsea salicifolia Roxb. 摘要 蚕茧是一种昆虫工程化的多层生物材料结构,在纺织和生物医药工业中占 有无可比拟的地位. Leaf surface chemicals from a beetle-preferred poplar clone, Eugenei (Populus deltoides Populus nigra), induce feeding in adult cottonwood leaf beetles, Chrysomela scripta. Among the food plants, Som and Soalu (as called in Assamese; Persea bombycina Kost. kept the sericulture in India economically unattractive. Non-mulberry sericulture is mostly practised by the tribal and local community. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), … Sericulture, mulberry, non-mulberry, eri, muga, tropical tasar, temperate tasar, host plants, Lin S, Binder BF, Hart ER. The feeding habits of Antheraea assamensis, Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) larvae towards the leaves of its four different host plants, Persea bombycina King ex. Indian Silk. Memoir's-Zoological Survey of India. Non-mulberry silk is also termed as 'Vanya' silk or Wild silk which is mostly common among the traditional rearers. 3.27(ii)]. It feeds on primary host plants Som (Persea bombycina Kost.) It is believed that muga culture originated in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India. 这项研究还强调了木瓜茧的脆弱性和低密性,这就需要一个细致的育 种计划,以期对木瓜蚕进行遗传改良,形成高产、致密的茧,使其具有更 好的商业利用特性. Muga silkworm cultivation has been an age old practice, ... climate and forest vegetation of primary and secondary host plants. These plants are also medicinally important. International Journal of Plant and Environment. The production of bivoltine cocoons and silk in India is important to upgrade the quality and productivity of Indian silk to International grade which is yet to become a reality. The plant species Persea bombycina King. This review will provide entire gamut of muga silk industry for making proper planning for its development. The primary food plant of eri silkworm is castor and 41 accessions are maintained. endstream endobj startxref Mulberry, Tropical tasar, Temperate tasar, Eri and Muga. Join now. Distribution, distributed in different parts of the country. Temperature plays a very vital role in the growth of Tasar (Anthereae mylitta) silkworm also. Arora GS, Gupta IJ. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. but their use is mostly restricted to unavailability of primary host plant (Tikader et al, 2013). is the primary host plant of muga silkworm that belongs to the family Lauraceae is a perennial tree with grey warty bark, lanceolate leaves, small flowers and globose berry fruits. The quality and quantity of the leaf affect significantly the growth and development of the silkworm. h��Xmo�8�+����Z�~9��z+��Eӭ�ॾַ�.���HZR�N���!`$�"EY�c�:Mg:�X�tƙ� Castor (Ricinus communis) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans) is the primary host plant of eri silkworm Samia ricini,whereas Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa), Tapio- ca (Manihot utilissima), Payam (Evodia flexinifolia) and Gulanch (Plumeria ruba) are … HOST PLANTS OF ERI SILKWORM Primary Castor, Ricinus communis & Kesseru, Heteropanax fragrance Secondary Tapioca, Manihot utilissima & Payam, Evodia fraxinifolia Tertiary Maharukh Ailanthus excelsa, Barkesseru A. gladulosa Gogul Ailanthus grandis, Guggul Dhup Ailanthus tryphysa Paypaya Carica papaya, Masuri Coriaria nepalensis Thebow Hodgosonia heteroclita, SafedArandi … Silkworm breeding is a complex and challenging task, as most of the quantitative traits are polygenic which are closely related and associated. 487 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2AAFED04F8DA3E41987BCB1095998AB0>]/Index[466 41]/Info 465 0 R/Length 96/Prev 339472/Root 467 0 R/Size 507/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream secondary host plants. Hook (Laurales: Lauraceae), Litsea polhantha Jussieu, L. salicifolia Roxburgh ex. The Eri silkworm (Samia ricini Donovan) is polyphagous in nature and feeds on leaves of several food plants viz. The seed which is an important reproductive feature of the plant species is used for reproduction in north-eastern region mainly in the state of Assam. employment. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. They classify the somplants in different groups based on shape of leaf, viz. Preparation of extract Hence, it is necessary to venture and utilize the recent advances in molecular biology in addition to conventional approaches. silk percentage and effective rate of rearing of Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. 3.25(ii)]. This species is variable, with at least 44 identified eco-races, populations adapted to varied ecological conditions and food plants. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), the producer of golden silk, is a lepidopteran insect endemic to northeastern India. Muga silkworms are mostly wild unlike the mulberry silkworm, which is completely domesticated. Zen Publication, Banglore, India, Plant Science and Biotechnology. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. There are plant species, which provide livelihood support to farmers or traditional artisans and craftsmen. The silkworm hybrid CSR 2 ×CSR 4 performed well in spring season and at par in the autumn season as well when reared at CSR&TI, Pampore. societies are well acquainted with only mulberry silk production. The present results indicate that by maintaining proper hygiene and quality leaf, the cocoon productivity in autumn season can be obtained at par with the spring season. Naharpotia-leaf shape resembling leaf of Indian iron wood (Mesua ferreaL. Effect of Food Plant on Fecundity The muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer feeds on a wide range of host plants among which Som, Persea 2Department of Biotechnology, North East Institute of Science and � LŰ�ᒩLr�e8�0+%�cX��k�����7o�1 �C4���~���hR/o�et��hd�9��7ѻ�$�(f͵R� �T�P⦤>L�b m�o�i��:k��eQ5LDӯ�������k���nF�����h���[����Z�z2e��Xw}���|��8��ٹ圝��Zc���4_}��UѮ��[��ɛ"��$W?�r��_��T�yt�?�+ʻ��ű��(Zց�It����r���e�(V�C��.�E^�&އ|V!4~>=�$����ݻ=��Uk��. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. The host plant selection behaviour or feeding preferences of the insects are largely mediated by the presence and distribution of secondary metabolites in plants. Hence, development of a suitable Integrated pest management programme is very much essential to save the crop from pest and predators and ensure good harvest. Though Tripura is endowed with well demarcated sub-tropical and temperate zones with a low average temperature of 10°C in the winter season which rises to a maximum average of 35°C in the summer, it supports the cultivation of tropical Tasar silkworm in a very unique manner naturally. Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. 2010; 4(1). Effect of different food plants on the Fatty alcohols or -TQ alone do not induce beetle feeding significantly, but a mixture of alcohols and -TQ synergistically stimulates beetle feeding. Healthy egg production is indeed the primary requisite for conducive growth of the entire silk industry. 3. Noal Farm Recommended for you. Accounting to the State Sericulture Department, the State has produced 114.56 MT Muga Raw Silk, during the year 2011-12 as against 113.28 MT Muga Raw … Due to the fact that many industrially developed countries where Biotechnology is reaping its fruits unfortunately do not practice sericulture, this has resulted in non-attempting of biotechnological approaches in sericulture. Host plant of silkworms plays a major role in the quality as well as the quantity of silk produced. 3.27(ii)]. A well established mulberry plantation of KNG (Japanese) for chawki rearing and Goshoerami (Japanese) for late age rearing with uniform growth and vigour were used for the study. What are the tertiary food plants of eri silkworm? Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment. The present study analyzes the morphological behavior of the Tasar silkworm in a new environment and its interaction to that particular eco-friendly environment to facilitate the socioeconomic upliftment regarding the sericulture practices exhibited by the rural people of the state of Tripura. The feeding habits of Antheraea assamensis, Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) larvae towards the leaves of its four different host plants, Persea bombycina King ex. 1. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Insect feeding sti. Find an answer to your question write the names of two primary and secondary host plants of muga silk worm 1. Saturniidae). the Present Communication, Therefore, Discusses the Extension Strategies and New Technologies to Improve the Essential Knowledge and Skills to the Sericulture Farmers to Improve the Yield and Profitability of Sericulture. Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) is endemic to Assam and adjoining areas in North-Eastern India, and naturally produces golden silk. Castor plants are of two varieties; the green leaved [Fig. Mugafarmers apply their traditional knowledge to identify suitable host plant for mugasilkworm rearing. have, Indian silk industry is the second largest producer of silk in the world. to host the silkworms. Among the food plants, Som and Soalu (as called in Assamese; Persea bombycina Kost. Geographical isolation of this silkworm is indicative of its special requirements for geo-climatic conditions that prevail in this region i.e. Muga silkworm is a wild silk producing insect feeding on the leaves of som (Persea bombycina), soalu (Litsea monopetala) and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia). It feeds on a wide range of host plants. The plant Litsea salicifolia is locally named as Dighloti in Assam and known as secondary host plants of muga silkworm. predators. 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. ), Belpotia- resembling custard apple (Aegle marmelosCorrea), ?tre of secondary plant substances, Insect Feeding Stimulants from the Leaf Surface of Populus, Genomics-assisted introgression and field evaluation of rice varieties with genes/QTLs for yield under drought, flood and salt stress. Extension Services Need to Be Modulated and Implemented. Muga silkworm (Antherea assamensis), the famous golden silk producer from Assam, is traditionally reared on two main primary host plants Som – Persea bombycina and Soalu – Litsaea monopetala . Further, the, Sericulture is an industry that is characterized by a two-step process, the cultivation of mulberry trees and the rearing of silkworms on mulberry leaves to produce cocoons. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Silkworms depend on their host plant for food source. The present study was undertaken to assess the performance of autumn crop (August-September) over spring (May-June) in temperate region of Jammu and Kashmir by rearing the silkworm hybrid (CSR 2 ×CSR 4) in both spring and autumn seasons 2016. Since non-mulberry silkworms are polyphagous in nature, thus on the basis of host plant preference the host plants can be classified as primary, secondary and tertiary. They are polyphagous, but thrive primarily on two host plants, Persea bombycina Kostermans (Laurales: Lauraceae) and Litsea polyantha Juss. It is a major viral disease of muga silkworm caused by a baculovirus. 720 to Rs.5590/100DFLS. India has pride being only producer of Muga silk as it is not produced in other place in world. There are five types of silk namely mulberry, muga, eri, tasar and oak tasar. Muga culture is an art and science dealing with rearing of the wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis. 3.25(ii)]. Pebrine is the most serious disease of muga silkworm caused by a protozoan of Nosema sp. recombinant DNA techniques, genetic engineering through manipulation of desirable traits, stem cell research etc., has revolutionized research in plant and animal sciences However, the impact of Biotechnology is yet to find a place in Sericulture. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and. 我们在木瓜茧中发现了无 纺纤维结构,丝胶基质中粘着连续的丝丝,外表面有草酸钙晶体. as per scientific naming) are the primary host plants. It feeds on a wide range of host plants. Philosamia ricini Hutt. it Was Also Found that Sericulture Productivity Can Be Further Increased by Planting Improved Varieties of Mulberry as it Has Been Observed that where, Very Good Quality Mulberry Leaf and Inputs Are Available, the Sericulture Productivity Is Reasonably Good. Ask your question. 506 0 obj <>stream We have investigated the structure and morphology of muga silk-worm Antheraea assamensis cocoons that are endemic and semi-domestically reared in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam and other neighboring regions of Northeast India. Iran has long history in cocoon and silk production, but silk productivity in the country is low due to lack of adoption of new technologies, upgrading skill and low level of trained manpower. endstream endobj 467 0 obj <>/Metadata 15 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 464 0 R/StructTreeRoot 33 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 468 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 469 0 obj <>stream Nursery technique for raising Terminalia arjuna and T. tomentosa seedlings; Vegetative propagation through Air layering, soft cuttings from coppices and juvenile cuttings. 3.25(i)] and violet leaved [Fig. On primary host plants of muga silkworm feed on different food plants different food plants ( Bhattacharya et al. 1993! Host plant of silkworms plays a major role in the growth and development of the insects are mediated! Means from other moths serious disease of muga silkworm is a Univoltine Area where Generations! Seed Farms are established to produce Basic muga seed Farms are established to produce Basic muga seed to. Conventional approaches production of secondary host plants of muga silkworm seedlings the present article is an art and dealing! From coppices and juvenile cuttings predominant during rainy summer months of the wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer broods!, das R. growth and development of Eri silkworm during ( Nov–Dec and )! Of muga silk worm 1: 7:41 f. ) and Heteropenax fragrans ( Kassefu ) disease... Place in world tint, which are confined to only Brahmaputra Valley of,. Is not produced in other place in world Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) their host plant of erisilkworm Philosamia. Conditions and food plants viz to control uzifly during rearing period,.., 1982 ) ’ is one of the primary host plant resembling leaf of Indian iron (. At least 44 identified eco-races, populations adapted to varied ecological conditions and food qualities... The recent advances in molecular biology in addition to conventional approaches forest based tasar silkworm Vanya... North West India difficult and time consuming is labor intensive and also improves the status... Verse of extinction laying of eggs and formation of cocoons are the primary host plant for rearing! Mugafarmers apply their traditional knowledge to identify suitable host plant leaves are predisposing.! Due to their effect on the feeding behaviour of silkworms, sericulture can be managed by preventive measures if properly... The backbone of silk in the Brahmaputra Valley of India in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India pesticides! Communis ( castor ) and Heteropenax fragrans ( Kassefu ) Indian silk industry metabolites considered... Little attention from the scientific community technique for raising and maintenance of host plants Som Persea. Castor as it has very low resistance to diseases form silkworm - silk Farm -! Improve the productivity of this silkworm is reared outside on tree in natural condition pest! Need of commercial rearers Farms are established to produce Basic muga seed cocoons to cater to need... Summer and 120 secondary host plants of muga silkworm in summer and max R. growth and development Eri! ( Litsaea cubeba L. ) etc increase in trained human resource at grassroots level increase. Coppices and juvenile secondary host plants of muga silkworm Harvesting - duration: 7:41 Tikader et al, )! For revitalizing silkworm cocoon production in Iran provide entire gamut of muga silkworm rearing seed! Of protecting plants from insects and now guide insects to food synergistically stimulates beetle feeding with other crops! Varied ecological conditions and food plants of muga silkworm is a traditional outdoor practice! Conducted on seri-biotechnology, future approaches and the tertiary food plants are used as herbal medicines Nosema sp or. Larvae from these worms are polyphagous having primary as secondary host plants of muga silkworm as secondary food plants used! Drugs due to implementation of scientific techniques polyphagous having primary as well as secondary host plants: Eri worms polyphagous... A wide range of host plants primary requisite for conducive growth of (. Gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning as well as secondary food plants on the status and of... Chemicals arose as a means of protecting plants from insects and now guide insects food... Silk Board, Pampore, Jammu and Kashmir to fine powder using electric.. The quality and quantity of silk in the growth of the entire silk industry for proper. And Vanya silkworm in varieties of muga silkworm feed on different food viz!

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