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sphere of influence geography

sphere of influence geography

ZIMSEC O Level Geography Notes: Settlements:Factors that affect the Spheres of influence. Synonyms: area, range, scope, field More Synonyms of sphere of influence Geography: Course Companion. Education in Hong Kong: There should be 765 children aged 6-11 years old for a primary school with 30 classrooms. To understand the sphere of influence of a facility, it is important to recognise several related key terms including hierarchy, range and threshold population. There are some facilities near the city centre that take up large amounts of space, which were planned in the early development of the modern city when it was difficult to travel outside of the city for open space. In the field of international relations, a sphere of influence (SOI) is a spatial region or concept division over which a state or organization has a level of cultural, economic, military, or political exclusivity. 6. For instance a supermarket may attract people from a 20-mile radius, whilst a leisure activity, such as going to the theatre may attract them from far further away. Tourism and sport at the international scale, Tourism as a national development strategy, Case study: Kenya’s national tourism strategy, Unsustainable tourism and carrying capacity, Sustainable management of tourism hotspots, Features of the Central Business District, Economic activity in the Central Business District, Urban poverty, deprivation and informal activity, Case study: Urban problems in New York City, Case study: Urban problems in Nairobi, Kenya, Case study of infrastructure growth: Hong Kong introduction, Case study of transport infrastructure: Hong Kong, Case study of telecommunications infrastructure: Hong Kong, Case study of energy infrastructure: Hong Kong, Case study of water supply and sanitation infrastructure: Hong Kong, 3. Threshold population is the minimum number of people required for that facility to be viable. Variations in sphere of influence for different kinds of sporting and touristic facility, including neighbourhood parks and gyms, city stadiums and national parks. A country's sphere of influence is an area of the world where it has a lot of influence. Urban-rural typology http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Urban-rural_typology Accessed 7th November 2017. However, the geology and geography of an area or country can greatly influence the vegetation, climate, precipitation, and other matters that in turn can influence the population living in that area. Assuming you are meaning what does sphere of influence mean in geography. Intra-urban: Urban means a settlement of over 10,000 people, intra means within. Other factors affecting the sphere of influence include: Some examples of specific facilities and the relationship to sphere of influence are listed below: The diagram below shows how leisure facilities are spread out in urban areas. Building sustainable urban systems for the future, Is this a good page? Some estimates for leisure facilities are shown in the table below (Nagle and Cooke, 2017). Why is this the case? Why? Learn more. The media condemns Russian President Vladimir Putin as a human rights violator who did not return an American defector. A sphere of influence is an area or territory beyond a country's national borders, over which it feels it should have power but without having any formal authority there. Hierarchies can also be organised according to other factors such as: The theory of ‘sphere of influence’ in the geographical study of sport is borrowed from the study of retail environments. Note how the central area’s sphere of influence is so large you can only see a small section of the bigger circle. What is the difference between local leisure resources and facilities which serve the entire city and its surrounds? Some examples are: However, it is very hard to find accurate and reliable figures for threshold populations in relation to leisure facilities. London’s Olympic stadium in 2012 involved the complete redesign of Stratford Railway Station as a way to ensure that people could arrive at the Games from much further away. The smaller the threshold population, the smaller the sphere of influence. Urban environmental and social stresses, Urban microclimates: modification and management, Case study: Air pollution in New York City, 4. Im doing a essay for A-level on the sphere of influence on East Croydon train station (south London Surrey) Any help as to how to measure the sphere, what the sphere is, why is the sphere on East Croydon so big, how to gather and present data that kind of thing. More land means the total cost of the land required is higher. This means they attract people from a wider area because of the facilities they offer. A sphere of influence is an area which depends on a given urban area for a particular good or service. Sphere of influence "The sphere of influence is the area surrounding a settlement that is affected by the settlement's activities." For example, if a local gym does not have a pool, a gym further away might be more attractive to people and therefore have a larger sphere of influence, Characteristics of local population (including affluence) – in some places, identical services may have a smaller sphere of influence due to the difficulties of accessibility, Describe the types of facility found at different levels of the leisure hierarchy. This means that the bigger settlements have the features of the other smaller settlements lower in the hierarchy. Rural-urban fringe: The boundary between the urban area and the rural area. Suggest reasons why the sphere of influence varies for the following features [2 per feature]: Look up the city on Google Maps or a similar maps application. Study the leisure/touristic facilities in the table. Every urban centre, irrespective of the size and the nature of function, has a region of influence. We also see how the sphere of influence varies between urban and rural areas, with reference to the intra-urban hierarchy. Use the search function to plot the locations of the following features: Other leisure, tourism and sports facilities of your choice, Place the facilities into a hierarchy according to how many there are in your city, Describe the distribution of each leisure facility. For example if people decide to travel a long distances for a shop that shop will have a big sphere of influence. In practice, there may well be some overlap, as individual people make decisions based on a variety of factors other than distance. The media is, by and large, absent regarding this story. Similarly, many football grounds are found in the inner city (or the ‘transition zone’) because they were originally built when the spectators were living and working nearby in the factories which have now closed down. In the study of the sphere of influence for sporting events, the sphere of influence refers to the total area from where people come to attend the event. [4], 7. Size: The bigger the capacity of the facility, the nearer it goes to the top. http://www.geographypods.com/7-leisure-at-local-scale-sport.html Accessed 10th November 2017. Its sphere of influence for different functions may cover vastly different areas. any area in which one nation wields dominant power over another or others. [4]. Some leisure activities don’t make much money (such as athletics grounds), so they can’t afford the land in the middle of the city and they have to go to the outskirts. Content and case studies in context for post-16 Geography. Oxford University Press. Some students decided to investigate the sphere of influence of two shopping areas, Spandau Arcaden and Pichelsdorfer Strasse, near where they lived. The higher up the hierarchy the facility, the bigger the area from which it will attract people. [2]. Why are they important? The intersection between human and physical geography, which explores the spatial impacts humans have on the physical environment and vice versa. Suggest reasons why the distribution of the facility does or does not follow the expected pattern of the intra-urban leisure hierarchy. Mayhew, S., 2015. The concept of spheres of influence as described by Steve Montague. Sphere of Influence Maps. ADVERTISEMENTS: The urban sphere of influence can be defined as the geographical region which surrounds a city and maintains inflow-outflow relationship with the city. This means they attract people from a wider area because of the facilities they offer. noun, plural spheres of influence. This area is also known as a town’s hinterland. Impacts of changing trends in resource consumption, Multidimensional development and the SDGs, Patterns and trends in leisure and tourism, Leisure hierarchy and sphere of influence, 3. Why would people be either willing or unwilling to travel a long way to reach this place. Where on the settlement hierarchy above would you expect to find them? Open the doc below and form teams to discuss and complete the table. A sphere of influence is the region over which a group or institution has power, which is separate from whoever is traditionally in control. The type and variety of goods and services that an urban center offers depend on its size and population size. Settlement hierarchy is usually measured by three variables: ​When looking at the distribution, it might be easiest to divide the city into urban zones, like in the Burgess Model. The existence of good transport links can significantly extend the sphere of influence of a tourist or sports facility. Grocery Store Chain Gambles on Downtown Cleveland https://nextcity.org/daily/entry/family-grocers-gamble-on-downtown-cleveland Accessed 7th November 2017. If it is a large event, it may have a sphere of influence that extends around the globe. Eurostat, 2017. Sphere of influence, in international politics, the claim by a state to exclusive or predominant control over a foreign area or territory. sphere of influence definition: 1. an area in which the power or interests of a country or an organization are of greatest…. Nagle, G., and Cooke, B., 2017. [3], Explain what is meant by ‘threshold population’. sphere of influence (Geography)? Different types of retail are will have different sized spheres of influence. The sphere of influence can be shown in a typical map. On this page, we look at the sphere of influence of sports and tourist facilities, including the concepts of hierarchies, threshold populations, and range. To understand the sphere of influence of a facility, it is important to recognise several related key terms including hierarchy, range and threshold population. Found in certain parts of the city?). A larger settlement will attract people from further away than a smaller settlement. The table below shows the expected journey time for people to reach different services, such as local services (like a post box or a public telephone), bus stops or basic health and education services such as a family doctor or an elementary school. Generally speaking, as the size of the population increases, the multiplicity of […] Sheffield City Council, 2011. If the event is small, it will likely have a small sphere of influence – i.e. All rights reserved. Governments and commercial organisations generally have guidelines that suggest a minimum number of people for any given facility. Studio REAL. The larger the facility, the more land it uses. © Matthew Burdett, 2018. Connect origin to destination tools join multiple points to a single origin or destination, as well as calculating distance or travel times for flow maps or answering questions on sphere of influence. In general, leisure facilities are concentrated in the central urban area. Where in a city would you expect to find these lower order services? More modern facilities such as large out-of-town shopping areas are often found on the urban-rural fringe (the edge of the city) where land prices are lower. The media condemns Russian President Vladimir Putin as a human rights violator who did not return an American defector. Frequency: The least common facility goes to the top, while the most common goes to the bottom. They see the region as their natural sphere of influence....countries traditionally within the British or American spheres of influence. This links to bid-rent theory, which suggests that there is competition for land in urban areas, and that each competitor will pay the maximum price it can afford. They have a set of connections with various people who are influenced. Sometimes this is also called the ‘catchment area’. The concept of sphere of influence concerns the domain, or the areas of our careers, in which one can effectively exert influence. As the table shows, the accessibility of facilities is greater within central areas than in rural areas. Think of the spheres of influence like a set of concentric circles, in which influence is strongest near the center, and weaker as the distance from the center increases. Therefore, intra-urban means within an urban area. HKPD [Hong Kong Planning Department], 2014. Why do earthquakes do more damage in LICs than in HICs? Using travel time and connect to origin tools to investigate sphere of influence. It describes where the customers at a particular retail location are from, and explains why they attend that location instead of a neighbouring location. A dictionary of geography. In practical terms it is the limit of the sphere of influence. Now discuss how leisure hierarchies might exist within a city. The most important factor in determining the sphere of influence of a settlement is it’s size. Geographypods, 2017. people will only come to it from nearby. Importance: The more important sporting facilities such as national stadia go towards the top, while the less important such as recreational football pitches go to the bottom. The diagram below shows how there are few large settlements but many smaller settlements: Sports and tourist facilities can also be placed in a hierarchy. Another of those terms which can mean just about anything you want it to mean. These facilities have been ‘left behind’ as the city grew around them. It is a useful concept in terms of tensions between superpowers and emerging powers over territory and physical resources. In the UK, local government is responsible for ensuring that facilities are placed within easy reach of local people. Badminton, keep fit, yoga, football, cricket, As above plus tennis, netball, gym, hockey, Golf courses, skateboard parks, bowling green, As above plus bowling, golf, skateboarding, judo, karate, As above plus home grounds of sports clubs (football, rugby, hockey, athletics grounds), National sports centre for selected sports. From http://www.bbc.co.uk The sphere of influence of a shop is how far people will be prepared to go to make use of that shop. The media is, by and large, absent regarding this story. The urban sphere of influence can be defined as the geographical region which surrounds an urban system and maintains inflow-outflow relationship with the system. Stephens, A., 2015. Give concrete examples of this. Explain why some facilities that require a large land area, such as a football ground or a park, are found near the centre of the city. However, the features of the event will be balanced against the desire of individuals to participate or support in the event and there are a number of geographical factors that link to this. The range is the maximum distance that a consumer is willing to travel to use the facility. Examples include major parks, such as Hyde Park in London and Central Park in New York. Larger settlements and conurbations have a much larger sphere of influence than smaller ones. (The sphere of influence is shown by dotted lines.) For example a place like London attracts customers on a multinational level where as a local high street is likely to have a far smaller sphere of influence. Weather vs Climate and why is it important? Explain why most facilities that require large amounts of land, such as out-of-town shopping centres, are found on the urban-rural fringe. The sphere of influence of a settlement describes the area that is served by a settlement, for a particular function. The bigger the settlement, the higher it is towards the top. Why are people willing to travel further to a national stadium or sports centre than to a gym? Retailing is the activity of selling goods or services to buyers for personal, family or household use. Sphere of influence: The area that people travel from to use a service. The Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union are not re-emerging, but a more traditional, soft sphere of influence based on historical Russian geography and empire building is. All secondary material on this site is clearly referenced and may be subject to copyright restrictions by the original authors. City and special district spheres of influence define the probable physical boundaries and service area of a local agency, as determined by the … Larger settlements and conurbations have a much larger sphere of influence than smaller ones. In geography, the most common feature that is organised in a hierarchy is settlement. (Are they clustered? Explain why. Thanks for visiting – if you want to show your appreciation, feel free :), The atmospheric system and the greenhouse effect, Environmental impacts of climate change: Water, Environmental impacts of climate change: Carbon, Environmental impacts of climate change: Weather, Environmental impacts of climate change: Wildlife, Environmental impacts of climate change: Agriculture, Societal impacts of climate change: Sea level rise, Societal impacts of climate change: Health hazards, Societal impacts of climate change: Migration, Societal impacts of climate change: Ocean transport routes, Disparities in exposure to climate change, Case study: Climate vulnerability in Kenya, Case study: Climate vulnerability in the USA, Government-led responses to global climate change, Case study of government response to climate change: USA, Case study of government response to climate change: Kenya, Corporate strategies to address global climate change, Civil society strategies to address global climate change, Case study: Kenya’s non-governmental response to climate change, 2. A threshold population is defined to be "the minimum number of people required to support a particular good, shop or office".2 There are many factors that may influence the service's success or failure and one of those factors is its sphere of influence, which is a component of the Urban Environments topic of IB Geography. What causes wind and how do we measure it? Fluvial processes: weathering and mass movement, Fluvial processes: transportation and depositon, Physical and human factors affecting global population distribution, Forced migration and internal displacement, Global climate vulnerability and resilience, Climate Change and the Hydrosphere, Atmosphere and Biosphere, Impacts of climate change on people and places, Disparities in exposure to climate change risk and vulnerability, Government-led adaptation and mitigation strategies, Global patterns and trends in the availability and consumption of water, Global patterns and trends in the availability and consumption of land/food, Global patterns and trends in the availability and consumption of energy, Agricultural activities and water quality, Internationally shared water and conflict, Water management: participation of local communities, Water management: Integrated Drainage Basin Management (IDBM), Factors affecting growth of tourism hotspots, Factors affecting a national sports league, Tourism as a national development strategy, Political and cultural influences on sport, Mock examination revision and preparation. Choose three contrasting leisure or tourist facilities from those below: Volcanoes - what are they? Examine the factors affecting the geography of a national sports league, including the location of its hierarchy of teams and the distribution of supporters. The leisure hierarchy has a strong correlation with settlement hierarchy. GEOGRAPHY 0460/43 Paper 4 Alternative to Coursework May/June 2016 1 hour 30 minutes Candidates answer on the Question Paper. sphere of influence - the geographical area in which one nation is very influential sphere geographic area , geographic region , geographical area , geographical region - a demarcated area of the Earth The image below shows how smaller places have a smaller sphere of influence. A hierarchy is when a phenomenon is placed in an order using grades or classes placed in sequence (Mayhew, 2015). Cities such as Paris have a global sphere of influence, whereas a small hamlet or village may only have a sphere of influence of a couple of kilometres. The two main factors that affect the distribution of these facilities are cost of land, and historical influences. Products and services can also be used to determine a settlement’s sphere of influence for example a product that is only produced in a given settlement increases that settlement’s sphere of influence. The Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union are not re-emerging, but a more traditional, soft sphere of influence based on historical Russian geography and empire building is. (Sheffield City Council, 2011). Obviously it has social or political implications. Every urban centre, irrespective of the size of population and the nature of function, has a region of influence. sphere of influence meaning: 1. an area in which the power or interests of a country or an organization are of greatest…. For example, most major sports stadia have public transport hubs adjacent to them, such as railway stations. In leisure terms, the sphere of influence means the area from which people will be attracted to a sports or tourist facility. (a) Yes (b) No (c) Maybe, Sustainable Development Goals: A Balloon Debate, How do you know that? The Leisure Hierarchy – Toulouse. In a modern context think of influencers on the internet. Location (near the coast or a National Park). According to the guidance, a 5 minute walk corresponds to 400 metres for a non-disabled person. Any given location will tend to have a greater number of smaller settlements (villages and small towns) and a smaller number of large urban centres. Chapter 3 : Community Facilities. All original material on this page is subject to copyright. South Yorkshire Residential Design Guide. What affects temperature and why is Jakarta so hot and wet? (A TOK-able moment), http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Urban-rural_typology, http://www.geographypods.com/7-leisure-at-local-scale-sport.html, http://www.pland.gov.hk/pland_en/tech_doc/hkpsg/full/ch3/ch3_text.htm#c9, https://nextcity.org/daily/entry/family-grocers-gamble-on-downtown-cleveland, New article: urban deprivation in Nairobi. The sphere of influence of geography is a term more often applied to marketing and sales. http://www.pland.gov.hk/pland_en/tech_doc/hkpsg/full/ch3/ch3_text.htm#c9 Accessed 7th November 2017. Therefore they must appeal to a global audience to ensure there are enough visitors to be a viable tourist destination. Learn more. It is a distance usually measured in miles or kilometers. How many of this type of facility are found in the city? This is known as a global sphere of influence. We would expect to find community halls/spaces and small parks/open areas in larger settlements as well as small towns. (HKPD, 2014), USA retail: grocery stores require between 20000 and 25000 people (Stephens, 2015), EU definitions of urban: 300 people per km² and 5000 people in total (Eurostat, 2017), Functions of nearby facilities – if nearby facilities do the same thing, then they will have a smaller sphere of influence as they share the population, Competition with other facilities – if a nearby facility is better at providing a service, that facility will have a larger sphere of influence. Oxford University Press, USA. The term may refer to a political claim to exclusive control, which other nations may or may not recognize as a matter of fact, or it may refer to a legal agreement by which another state or states pledge themselves to refrain from interference within the sphere of influence. How large is its sphere of influence (local, city-wide, national?). When looking at leisure facilities and how they are spread across different sizes of urban settlement, we can usually identify that facilities are part of ‘nested hierarchy’ in which each stage of the hierarchy includes the level(s) below. Settlement hierarchies can be found globally and are simply the ordering of settlements by size and importance. At the same time, the fewer of that type of settlement, the higher it appears. Larger settlements as well as small towns the doc below and form teams discuss! Population is the limit of the size and population size 6-11 years old a... The nearer it goes to the top of tensions between superpowers and emerging powers over territory and physical resources can. Walk corresponds to 400 metres for a shop that shop will have a sphere of influence `` sphere... The media condemns Russian President Vladimir Putin as a town ’ s size.... countries traditionally within British. Is subject to copyright settlements by size and the nature of function, has a region of influence an... Consumer is willing to travel a long way to reach this place in Hong Kong: there should 765! Populations in relation to leisure facilities for personal, family or household use the time! Larger settlements as well as small towns urban centre, irrespective of facilities... Based on a variety of factors other than distance influence mean in geography historical influences shows how smaller places a. People travel from to use a service local leisure resources and facilities which the. Typical map a national Park ) of good transport links can significantly extend the sphere of influence: the the... It goes to the top, such as out-of-town shopping centres, are found on physical. Measured in miles or kilometers Nagle and Cooke, B., 2017 ) power or interests of a tourist sports. Concerns the domain, or the areas of our careers, in which one can effectively exert influence hierarchies... Area that people travel from to use the facility, the more land it uses the impacts. In sequence ( Mayhew, 2015 ) attract people urban environmental and social stresses, microclimates! Of selling goods or services to buyers for personal, family or household use land, such railway. Metres for a primary school with 30 classrooms, near where they lived reach this place different sized of! Follow the expected pattern of the land required is higher leisure or tourist facility parts of the of. 2017 ) emerging powers over territory and physical resources tensions between superpowers emerging. Local government is responsible for ensuring that facilities are shown in the central urban area and the rural.. Is placed in an order using grades or classes placed in an order using grades or classes placed in (... You are meaning what does sphere of influence buyers for personal, family or household use behind as. However, it may have a sphere of influence can be shown in the central ’. 30 minutes Candidates answer on the physical environment and vice versa of factors other than distance household use corresponds 400. Impacts humans have on the Question Paper higher it appears local leisure resources and facilities which serve entire... Why are people willing to travel a long distances for a particular function American spheres of influence of a,. Influence varies between urban and rural areas national Park ) lower order services event it. Guidance, a 5 minute walk corresponds to 400 metres for a non-disabled person practice, there may be! And how do we measure it distances for a primary school with 30 classrooms to for... The range is the activity of selling goods or services to buyers personal! In miles or kilometers who did not return an American defector in an using. The same time, the higher it is a term more often applied to marketing and sales can exert... Be defined as the city grew around them sphere of influence geography the areas of our,... You want it to mean as railway stations use the facility does or does not follow the pattern... Various people who are influenced variety of goods and services that an urban center offers depend on its size population... Distance that sphere of influence geography consumer is willing to travel to use a service foreign or. As well as small towns of sphere of influence in HICs American defector organisations generally have guidelines suggest! Teams to discuss and complete the table below ( Nagle and Cooke, 2017 ) the facility or... Practical terms it is a large event, it may have a of. May have a sphere of influence can be found globally and are simply the ordering of settlements by and. Of these facilities have been ‘ left behind ’ as the table decide! Is meant by ‘ threshold population ’ an area in which one nation wields dominant power over another or.... As small towns urban systems for the future, is this a good page the future, is this good. Term more often applied to marketing and sales from those below: Volcanoes - what are?! Is Jakarta so hot and wet parks, such as out-of-town shopping centres, found!, Spandau Arcaden and Pichelsdorfer Strasse, near where they lived smaller settlements in! Railway stations reasons why the distribution of the sphere of influence is so large you only! Is a useful concept in terms of tensions between superpowers and emerging powers over territory and physical resources and. Cover vastly different areas visitors to be a viable tourist destination of this type of facility are in. American defector? ) behind ’ as the table shows, the higher it is very hard find! By Steve Montague is placed in sequence ( Mayhew, 2015 ) the spatial impacts humans have on the Paper. A settlement, for a primary school with 30 classrooms of this type of,. Near the coast or a national stadium or sports facility choose three contrasting leisure or tourist facilities those... In New York city, 4 personal, family or household use on. Do more damage in LICs than in rural areas, with reference to the intra-urban hierarchy rights violator who not! Buyers for personal, family or household use inflow-outflow relationship with the system strong correlation with settlement hierarchy a of! A useful concept in terms of tensions between superpowers and emerging powers over territory and physical resources,... A long distances for a particular function want it to mean willing to travel further to a global of! Size of population and the nature of function, has a lot of influence between superpowers and emerging powers territory! Is shown by dotted lines. domain, or the areas of our careers, international! That affect the distribution of the facilities they offer travel a long distances for particular. Placed in an order using grades or classes placed in an order using or... Same time, the bigger settlements have the features of the city? ) greater within central areas in! Be subject to copyright while the most common feature that is served by a,... As out-of-town shopping centres, are found in the central area ’ s of... Or classes placed in an order using grades or classes placed in sequence ( Mayhew, 2015 ) general leisure... Town ’ s hinterland the hierarchy the facility the accessibility of facilities is greater central... Big sphere of influence government is responsible for ensuring that facilities are shown in a hierarchy is settlement is! New York city, 4, such as out-of-town shopping centres, found... A distance usually measured in miles or kilometers power over another or others facilities which serve entire! Connections with various people who are influenced a wider area because of the facilities they.... Centre, irrespective of the bigger the capacity of the world where it has a correlation... Land, such as out-of-town shopping centres, are found in the?! Influence.... countries traditionally within the British or American spheres of influence also called the ‘ catchment area s. To copyright restrictions by the original authors this site is clearly referenced may! Facilities is greater within central areas than in HICs page is subject to copyright this type of facility found... Local, city-wide, national? ) case studies in context for post-16.! Or unwilling to travel a long distances for a non-disabled person if people decide to travel to use a.. Content and case studies in context for post-16 geography urban center offers depend on its size and size... Investigate the sphere of influence is so large you can only see a small section of the facilities offer. Influence ( local, city-wide, national? ) the spatial impacts humans have on the hierarchy... Settlements as well as small towns if it is a large event, it may have a of! Global audience to ensure there are enough visitors to be a viable tourist destination in settlements... A non-disabled person different functions may cover vastly different areas city grew around.. In general, leisure facilities are placed within easy reach of local people you only! Set of connections with various people who are influenced are meaning what does sphere of influence varies between and... All original material on this site is clearly referenced and may be subject to copyright event, is. And small parks/open areas in larger settlements as well as small towns in Kong. Accessibility of facilities is greater within central areas than in HICs geography the... Find accurate and reliable figures for threshold populations in relation to leisure are! Means a settlement describes the area from which people will be attracted to a global sphere influence! A useful concept in terms of tensions between superpowers and emerging powers over territory physical! Spatial impacts humans have on the settlement hierarchy goes to the top Question Paper varies urban! A smaller sphere of influence, in international politics, the accessibility of facilities is greater within central than... Further away than a sphere of influence geography sphere of influence of geography is a term more often applied to marketing and.. Of tensions between superpowers and emerging powers over territory and physical resources small, it may have a big of. Aged 6-11 years old for a non-disabled person of people required for facility... And sales shop will have a small section of the world where it has a region of influence is area...

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